Building a webserver on esp32 using micropython

Building a webserver on esp32 using micropython can be a challenging task, but with the right approach, it can be accomplished efficiently. In this article, we will explore three different ways to solve this Python question, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Option 1: Using the built-in socket module

The first option is to use the built-in socket module in micropython to create a webserver. This approach involves manually handling HTTP requests and responses, parsing headers, and serving static files. Here’s a sample code snippet that demonstrates this approach:

import socket

def handle_request(client_socket):
    request = client_socket.recv(1024)
    # Parse the request and extract the requested file
    # Serve the file or return a 404 response

def start_webserver():
    server_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    server_socket.bind(('', 80))

    while True:
        client_socket, client_address = server_socket.accept()


This approach gives you full control over the webserver and allows you to customize it according to your needs. However, it requires a lot of manual work and can be error-prone, especially when dealing with complex HTTP requests.

Option 2: Using a micro web framework

The second option is to use a micro web framework like Flask or Bottle. These frameworks provide higher-level abstractions and make it easier to handle HTTP requests and responses. Here’s a sample code snippet using Flask:

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

def index():
    return 'Hello, World!'

if __name__ == '__main__':'', port=80)

This approach simplifies the process of building a webserver by providing a routing mechanism and handling HTTP requests and responses automatically. However, it may introduce some overhead due to the additional dependencies and abstractions.

Option 3: Using a micro web framework optimized for micropython

The third option is to use a micro web framework specifically optimized for micropython, such as uWebSockets or uHTTP. These frameworks are designed to be lightweight and efficient, making them ideal for resource-constrained environments like esp32. Here’s a sample code snippet using uWebSockets:

import uwebsockets

async def handle_request(request, response):
    await response.send('Hello, World!')

async def start_webserver():
    server = await uwebsockets.connect(80)

This approach combines the simplicity of a micro web framework with the efficiency of a framework optimized for micropython. It allows you to build a webserver with minimal overhead and maximum performance.

After considering these three options, the best choice depends on your specific requirements and constraints. If you need full control and customization, option 1 using the built-in socket module is the way to go. If you prefer a higher-level abstraction and ease of development, option 2 using a micro web framework like Flask or Bottle is a good choice. Finally, if you prioritize efficiency and performance in a resource-constrained environment, option 3 using a micro web framework optimized for micropython is the most suitable.

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16 Responses

    1. I personally feel that Option 1s performance is questionable. It might not deliver the desired results and could potentially be a waste of time and resources. I believe we should prioritize Option 3, which seems more promising and efficient. Just my two cents!

    1. Nah, Option 3 is a waste of time. Trust me, Ive tried it and its just a bunch of hype. Stick with the tried and true methods, folks. Dont let the shiny new thing distract you from what actually works.

    1. Ive been using Option 3 with micropython for months now and it works flawlessly. So yes, its definitely optimized for micropython. Maybe you should give it a try before doubting its capabilities.

    1. I totally get your concerns about the optimization hassle, but let me tell you, option 3 is a game-changer. The benefits it brings far outweigh the extra effort. Trust me, once you experience it, you wont look back. Give it a shot! 😎

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