# 3d elevation on geographical map with python

When working with geographical data, it is often necessary to visualize elevation on a map. In Python, there are several ways to achieve this. In this article, we will explore three different options to solve the problem of visualizing a 3D elevation on a geographical map.

## Option 1: Matplotlib

Matplotlib is a popular plotting library in Python that can be used to create 2D and 3D visualizations. To visualize a 3D elevation on a geographical map using Matplotlib, we can use the `plot_surface` function from the `mpl_toolkits.mplot3d` module.

``````import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D

# Generate some sample data
x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
z = [[1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
[2, 3, 4, 5, 6],
[3, 4, 5, 6, 7],
[4, 5, 6, 7, 8],
[5, 6, 7, 8, 9]]

# Create a 3D plot
fig = plt.figure()
ax.plot_surface(x, y, z)

# Show the plot
plt.show()``````

This code snippet generates some sample data and creates a 3D plot using the `plot_surface` function. The resulting plot will show the elevation on a geographical map.

## Option 2: Plotly

Plotly is another powerful plotting library in Python that supports 2D and 3D visualizations. To visualize a 3D elevation on a geographical map using Plotly, we can use the `Surface` trace type.

``````import plotly.graph_objects as go

# Generate some sample data
x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
y = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
z = [[1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
[2, 3, 4, 5, 6],
[3, 4, 5, 6, 7],
[4, 5, 6, 7, 8],
[5, 6, 7, 8, 9]]

# Create a 3D plot
fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Surface(x=x, y=y, z=z)])

# Show the plot
fig.show()``````

This code snippet generates the same sample data as before and creates a 3D plot using the `Surface` trace type from Plotly. The resulting plot will also show the elevation on a geographical map.

## Option 3: Basemap

Basemap is a library in Python that provides tools for creating maps and plotting geographical data. To visualize a 3D elevation on a geographical map using Basemap, we can use the `imshow` function to display the elevation data as an image on the map.

``````from mpl_toolkits.basemap import Basemap
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Generate some sample data
lons = np.linspace(-180, 180, 360)
lats = np.linspace(-90, 90, 180)
lons, lats = np.meshgrid(lons, lats)

# Create a map
m = Basemap(projection='cyl', llcrnrlat=-90, urcrnrlat=90, llcrnrlon=-180, urcrnrlon=180)

# Draw coastlines
m.drawcoastlines()

# Plot the elevation data
m.imshow(elevation, cmap='terrain')

# Show the plot
plt.show()``````

This code snippet generates some sample data and creates a map using Basemap. The `imshow` function is then used to display the elevation data as an image on the map. The resulting plot will show the elevation on a geographical map.

After exploring these three options, it is clear that the best option depends on the specific requirements of your project. If you are already familiar with Matplotlib, using it to visualize the 3D elevation may be the most straightforward option. However, if you prefer interactive plots or need more advanced features, Plotly may be a better choice. On the other hand, if you specifically need to work with geographical data and want to create maps, Basemap provides specialized tools for this purpose.

In conclusion, the best option for visualizing a 3D elevation on a geographical map in Python depends on your specific needs and preferences. Consider the features and requirements of your project to determine which option is most suitable for you.

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### 2 Responses

1. Khari says:

Option 1: Matplotlib is cool, but have you tried Option 3: Basemap? Its mind-blowing! 🌍🔥

2. Love Cross says:

Option 1: Matplotlib is like the trusty old friend whos always there for you, reliable but not fancy.
Option 2: Plotly is the cool kid with all the flashy tricks, but can be a bit overwhelming.
Option 3: Basemap is the mysterious stranger, intriguing but hard to figure out.