# Better way to convert file sizes in python

When working with file sizes in Python, it is often necessary to convert them from one unit to another. Whether you need to convert bytes to kilobytes, megabytes to gigabytes, or any other combination, there are several ways to achieve this. In this article, we will explore three different approaches to solve the problem of converting file sizes in Python.

## Approach 1: Using the math library

One way to convert file sizes in Python is by using the math library. This approach involves dividing the file size by the appropriate power of 1024 and rounding the result to a specified number of decimal places. Here’s an example:

``````
import math

def convert_file_size(size_in_bytes, decimal_places):
units = ['bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB']
unit_index = 0

while size_in_bytes >= 1024 and unit_index < len(units) - 1:
size_in_bytes /= 1024
unit_index += 1

return f"{round(size_in_bytes, decimal_places)} {units[unit_index]}"
``````

In this code, the function `convert_file_size` takes two parameters: `size_in_bytes` and `decimal_places`. It iteratively divides the size by 1024 until it reaches a unit that is smaller than 1024. The result is then rounded to the specified number of decimal places and concatenated with the appropriate unit.

## Approach 2: Using the humanize library

Another approach to convert file sizes in Python is by using the humanize library. This library provides a simple and intuitive way to format file sizes in a human-readable format. Here's an example:

``````
import humanize

def convert_file_size(size_in_bytes):
return humanize.naturalsize(size_in_bytes)
``````

In this code, the function `convert_file_size` takes a single parameter: `size_in_bytes`. It uses the `naturalsize` function from the humanize library to convert the file size into a human-readable format. The result is automatically formatted with the appropriate unit (e.g., KB, MB, GB) based on the size.

## Approach 3: Using custom conversion factors

A third approach to convert file sizes in Python is by using custom conversion factors. This approach involves defining a dictionary that maps each unit to its corresponding conversion factor. Here's an example:

``````
def convert_file_size(size_in_bytes, decimal_places):
units = {
'bytes': 1,
'KB': 1024,
'MB': 1024 ** 2,
'GB': 1024 ** 3,
'TB': 1024 ** 4
}

unit_index = 0

while size_in_bytes >= units['KB'] and unit_index < len(units) - 1:
size_in_bytes /= units['KB']
unit_index += 1

return f"{round(size_in_bytes, decimal_places)} {list(units.keys())[unit_index]}"
``````

In this code, the function `convert_file_size` takes two parameters: `size_in_bytes` and `decimal_places`. It uses a dictionary to define the conversion factors for each unit. The function iteratively divides the size by the conversion factor until it reaches a unit that is smaller than the conversion factor. The result is then rounded to the specified number of decimal places and concatenated with the appropriate unit.

After exploring these three approaches, it is clear that the second option, using the humanize library, is the better choice. It provides a simple and intuitive way to format file sizes in a human-readable format without the need for complex calculations or custom conversion factors. Additionally, the humanize library handles edge cases and automatically chooses the appropriate unit based on the size. Therefore, if you need to convert file sizes in Python, using the humanize library is the recommended approach.

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