Batch call to playlistitems insert youtube api v3 with google api python client

When working with the YouTube API v3 and the Google API Python client, you may come across the need to make batch calls to the playlistitems insert endpoint. This can be useful when you want to add multiple videos to a playlist in a single request, reducing the number of API calls and improving efficiency.

Option 1: Using the BatchHttpRequest class

The Google API Python client provides a BatchHttpRequest class that allows you to make batch requests. Here’s how you can use it to make batch calls to the playlistitems insert endpoint:


from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.http import BatchHttpRequest

# Build the YouTube API service
youtube = build('youtube', 'v3', developerKey='YOUR_API_KEY')

# Create a batch request
batch = BatchHttpRequest()

# Define the playlist ID
playlist_id = 'YOUR_PLAYLIST_ID'

# Define the video IDs to add to the playlist
video_ids = ['VIDEO_ID_1', 'VIDEO_ID_2', 'VIDEO_ID_3']

# Define the callback function for each request
def callback(request_id, response, exception):
    if exception is not None:
        print('Error adding video to playlist:', exception)
    else:
        print('Video added to playlist:', response['snippet']['title'])

# Add each video to the batch request
for video_id in video_ids:
    request = youtube.playlistItems().insert(
        part='snippet',
        body={
            'snippet': {
                'playlistId': playlist_id,
                'resourceId': {
                    'kind': 'youtube#video',
                    'videoId': video_id
                }
            }
        }
    )
    batch.add(request, callback=callback)

# Execute the batch request
batch.execute()

This code creates a batch request using the BatchHttpRequest class and adds each video to the batch request using the add() method. The callback function is called for each request, allowing you to handle the response or any errors that occur. Finally, the batch request is executed using the execute() method.

Option 2: Using the playlistItems.insert method

If you prefer not to use the BatchHttpRequest class, you can still make batch calls to the playlistitems insert endpoint by sending multiple requests in a loop. Here’s an example:


from googleapiclient.discovery import build

# Build the YouTube API service
youtube = build('youtube', 'v3', developerKey='YOUR_API_KEY')

# Define the playlist ID
playlist_id = 'YOUR_PLAYLIST_ID'

# Define the video IDs to add to the playlist
video_ids = ['VIDEO_ID_1', 'VIDEO_ID_2', 'VIDEO_ID_3']

# Add each video to the playlist
for video_id in video_ids:
    response = youtube.playlistItems().insert(
        part='snippet',
        body={
            'snippet': {
                'playlistId': playlist_id,
                'resourceId': {
                    'kind': 'youtube#video',
                    'videoId': video_id
                }
            }
        }
    ).execute()

    print('Video added to playlist:', response['snippet']['title'])

This code sends multiple requests in a loop, adding each video to the playlist using the playlistItems.insert method. The response is then printed to confirm that the video was added successfully.

Option 3: Using the google-auth and google-auth-oauthlib libraries

If you want to authenticate your requests using OAuth 2.0, you can use the google-auth and google-auth-oauthlib libraries. Here’s an example:


from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from google.auth import credentials
from google.auth.transport.requests import Request
from google_auth_oauthlib.flow import InstalledAppFlow

# Define the scopes required for the YouTube API
scopes = ['https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.force-ssl']

# Define the playlist ID
playlist_id = 'YOUR_PLAYLIST_ID'

# Define the video IDs to add to the playlist
video_ids = ['VIDEO_ID_1', 'VIDEO_ID_2', 'VIDEO_ID_3']

# Authenticate the user
flow = InstalledAppFlow.from_client_secrets_file(
    'client_secrets.json', scopes=scopes)
credentials = flow.run_local_server(port=0)

# Build the YouTube API service
youtube = build('youtube', 'v3', credentials=credentials)

# Add each video to the playlist
for video_id in video_ids:
    response = youtube.playlistItems().insert(
        part='snippet',
        body={
            'snippet': {
                'playlistId': playlist_id,
                'resourceId': {
                    'kind': 'youtube#video',
                    'videoId': video_id
                }
            }
        }
    ).execute()

    print('Video added to playlist:', response['snippet']['title'])

This code uses the google-auth and google-auth-oauthlib libraries to authenticate the user using OAuth 2.0. The user will be prompted to authorize the application the first time they run the code. Once authenticated, the code adds each video to the playlist using the playlistItems.insert method.

After considering the three options, the best option depends on your specific requirements. If you need to make batch calls and handle the responses or errors individually, Option 1 using the BatchHttpRequest class is recommended. If you prefer a simpler approach without batch requests, Option 2 is a good choice. If you need to authenticate using OAuth 2.0, Option 3 provides the necessary functionality.

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8 Responses

    1. Sorry, but I have to disagree. Option 3 may require more effort, but it often leads to better results. Option 1 and 2 might be convenient in the short term, but taking the extra steps can bring long-term benefits. Its all about finding the right balance.

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