Aws cli athena python pass query programmatically

When working with AWS Athena, it can be useful to pass queries programmatically using Python. In this article, we will explore three different ways to achieve this. We will start by setting up the necessary environment and then dive into each solution.

Solution 1: Using the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3)

The first solution involves using the AWS SDK for Python, also known as Boto3. Boto3 provides a high-level API to interact with various AWS services, including Athena. To use Boto3, make sure you have it installed by running pip install boto3 in your terminal.

import boto3

# Create a client for Athena
athena_client = boto3.client('athena')

# Define the query
query = "SELECT * FROM my_table"

# Submit the query
response = athena_client.start_query_execution(
        'Database': 'my_database'
        'OutputLocation': 's3://my-bucket/query-results/'

# Get the query execution ID
query_execution_id = response['QueryExecutionId']

# Wait for the query to complete

# Get the query results
results = athena_client.get_query_results(

# Process the results
for row in results['ResultSet']['Rows']:

This solution uses the Boto3 client for Athena to submit the query and retrieve the results. It also demonstrates how to wait for the query to complete before fetching the results. However, keep in mind that this solution requires you to have the necessary AWS credentials configured on your machine.

Solution 2: Using the AWS CLI

If you prefer using the AWS CLI, you can execute Athena queries programmatically by invoking the CLI commands from your Python script. This solution is straightforward and does not require any additional dependencies.

import subprocess

# Define the query
query = "SELECT * FROM my_table"

# Execute the AWS CLI command['aws', 'athena', 'start-query-execution', '--query-string', query])

This solution uses the subprocess module to execute the AWS CLI command aws athena start-query-execution with the specified query. The results will be displayed in the terminal. However, note that this solution assumes you have the AWS CLI installed and configured on your machine.

Solution 3: Using the PyAthena library

If you prefer a more specialized library for interacting with Athena, you can use the PyAthena library. PyAthena provides a Pythonic interface to Athena and simplifies the process of executing queries programmatically.

To install PyAthena, run pip install PyAthena in your terminal.

from pyathena import connect

# Create a connection
conn = connect(s3_staging_dir='s3://my-bucket/query-results/')

# Create a cursor
cursor = conn.cursor()

# Define the query
query = "SELECT * FROM my_table"

# Execute the query

# Fetch the results
results = cursor.fetchall()

# Process the results
for row in results:

This solution uses the PyAthena library to establish a connection to Athena, execute the query, and fetch the results. It provides a more Pythonic interface compared to the previous solutions. However, note that you need to have the necessary AWS credentials configured on your machine for this solution to work.

After exploring these three solutions, it is clear that the best option depends on your specific requirements and preferences. If you are already using Boto3 or prefer a high-level API, Solution 1 is a good choice. If you prefer using the AWS CLI or want a simple solution without additional dependencies, Solution 2 is a viable option. Finally, if you prefer a specialized library with a more Pythonic interface, Solution 3 using PyAthena is the way to go.

Choose the solution that best fits your needs and start passing AWS Athena queries programmatically with Python!

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6 Responses

    1. I disagree. While Boto3 is popular, its not the only solution out there. There are other libraries like botocore and awscli that also offer great integration with Python. Its always good to explore different options before settling on one. #AWS #Python

  1. Solution 2 seems easier to use, but Solution 1 gives more control. What do you guys think? #AWScliAthenaPython

    1. I feel you! Its a tough call between convenience and that irresistible Py charm. But hey, why not go for both? Mix and match the best of both worlds. Keep rocking those #TechDilemmas! 👍

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