# Adding moves to game with python chess

When working with Python chess, it is often necessary to add moves to a game. This can be done in several ways, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will explore three different methods to solve this problem.

## Method 1: Using the push() function

The first method involves using the push() function provided by the python-chess library. This function allows us to add moves to a game by specifying the move in algebraic notation. Here is an example:

``````
import chess

# Create a new game
game = chess.Board()

# Add a move to the game
game.push(chess.Move.from_uci("e2e4"))
``````

This method is simple and straightforward. It allows us to add moves to a game with just a single line of code. However, it does not provide any error checking. If an invalid move is added, it will not raise an exception. Instead, it will simply update the game state without any indication of the error.

## Method 2: Using the parse_san() function

The second method involves using the parse_san() function provided by the python-chess library. This function allows us to add moves to a game by specifying the move in Standard Algebraic Notation (SAN). Here is an example:

``````
import chess

# Create a new game
game = chess.Board()

# Add a move to the game
move = game.parse_san("e4")
game.push(move)
``````

This method is also simple and straightforward. It allows us to add moves to a game using the more human-readable SAN notation. It also provides error checking. If an invalid move is added, it will raise a ValueError exception. This can be useful for handling invalid moves in a more graceful manner.

## Method 3: Using the uci() function

The third method involves using the uci() function provided by the python-chess library. This function allows us to add moves to a game by specifying the move in Universal Chess Interface (UCI) notation. Here is an example:

``````
import chess

# Create a new game
game = chess.Board()

# Add a move to the game
move = chess.Move.from_uci("e2e4")
game.push(move)
``````

This method is similar to the first method, but it allows us to specify the move in UCI notation instead of algebraic notation. UCI notation is more machine-friendly and can be useful when working with chess engines or other chess-related software.

After exploring these three methods, it is clear that the second method, using the parse_san() function, is the best option. It provides a good balance between simplicity and error checking. It allows us to add moves to a game using human-readable notation and provides a ValueError exception for handling invalid moves. This method is recommended for most use cases when adding moves to a game with Python chess.

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